The Study of the Holy Spirit
by James T. Bartsch
"And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit was giving them utterance." Acts 2:4
c Converts: My guess is that this congregation was entirely or at least largely Jewish. They had subscribed to John’s baptism but found themselves outside the mainstream Jewish beliefs. They had left their orthodox Jewish synagogue (Acts 19:8) and set up their own independent synagogue, which required a minimum of ten male adherents (Acts 19:7).
d Confirmation: Paul’s initial question was whether the disciples had received the Holy Spirit when they had believed (Acts 19:2). Their response convinced him they were not even believers in Jesus, but had only heard and appropriated a fragmented message from John the Baptist. Once they had trusted in Jesus, they then spoke in tongues, which confirmed to Paul, primarily, but also, of course to the new converts, that they were truly believers in Jesus. For Paul there was no such thing as being a Christian and not having the Holy Spirit (Romans 8:9; 1 Cor. 12:13).
Prepared initially by James T. Bartsch
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(Scripture quotations taken from the NASB 1995. Used by Permission.)
Updated February 2, 2022