The Study of Sin

Exploring the defintion, consequences, and forgiveness of sin.

"For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord." (Romans 6:23)

What is Sin?

Sin. Wrongdoing, departure from doing that which is right, the violation of God's standards (Rom. 3:23), akin to transgressions (Eph. 2:1) and to debts (Matt. 6:12). The Greek noun translated "sin" is hamartía (266), a missing of the mark, a violation of God's law. 

    Further Definition: Commission of sins is coordinate with walking in the darkness, rather than the light (1 John 1:6-7). Sin can be defined as unrighteousness (1 John 5:17). Sin is a corrupting principle which dwells within mankind (Rom. 7:17, 20). Whatever is not of faith is sin (Rom. 14:23). Jesus is the one person who has never committed sin (2 Cor. 5:21; Heb. 4:15; 7:26; 1 Pet. 2:2). Sin includes acts of omission as well as acts of commission (James 4:17). The practice of sin is the practice of lawlessness (1 John 3:4).

    The Origin and Consequence of Sin: Sin entered the world through one man, Adam, and through sin, death, which spread to all men (Rom. 5:12). The result of sin is death (Rom. 6:16, 23; Eph. 2:1).  The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law (1 Cor. 15:56). When lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is  accomplished, it brings forth death (James 1:15). He who practices sin is of the devil (1 John 3:8).

    Forgiveness: The Holy Spirit convicts the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment (John 16:8). Jesus taught us to ask God to forgive us our sins (Luke 11:4). God desires universal repentance for the forgiveness of sins (Luke 24:47; Acts 2:38). Jesus is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29).  Forgiveness of sins is also termed "redemption" (Col. 1:14). Jesus made purification of sins (Heb. 1:3), and made propitiation for sins (Heb. 2:17; 1 John 2:2; 4:10; Rev. 1:5). Jesus offered one sacrifice for sins for all time and now sits at God's right hand (Heb. 10:12; 1 Pet. 2:24).

    Further Study: See articles on the subject of sin, Hamartiology.

(Scripture quotation taken from the NASB 1995.)

Initially published August 27, 2018

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Updated February 19, 2022